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Monday, May 11, 2020 | History

3 edition of Signal processing of the first heart sound for cardiac performance monitoring. found in the catalog.

Signal processing of the first heart sound for cardiac performance monitoring.

Lang, Peter.

Signal processing of the first heart sound for cardiac performance monitoring.

by Lang, Peter.

  • 36 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by National Library of Canada in Ottawa .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.A.Sc.) -- University of Toronto, 1995.

SeriesCanadian theses = -- Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
Pagination2 microfiches : negative. --
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17260564M
ISBN 100612021289
OCLC/WorldCa46500951

Heart sounds, the acoustic vibrations produced by the mechanical processes of the cardiac cycle, are modulated by respiratory activity. We have used computational techniques of cluster analysis and classification to study the effects of the respiratory phase and the respiratory resistive load on the temporal and morphological properties of the first (S1) and second heart sounds (S2), acquired Cited by: However, hearing the heart sound should be done in a quiet environment or low ambient noise to ensure that process attempts a possible disease (Karnath, B., and Thornton, W., ). Heart sound The activity of each cardiac cycle produced a sound which identified as heart sound or sometimes called as cardiac sound.

  Recently, a cutaneous force-frequency relation recording system based on first heart sound amplitude vibrations has been validated. A further application is the assessment of Second Heart Sound (S2) amplitude variations at increasing heart rates. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between second heart sound amplitude variations at increasing heart rates and Cited by: The performance of the algorithm has been evaluated us cardiac periods from digital PCG recordings, including normal and abnormal heart sounds. In tests, the algorithm was over 93% correct in detecting the first and second heart by: 3.

ECG signal for digital signal processing and heart rate calculation was acquired by measurement card with sampling frequency f s = Hz. The first ECG lead was measured. Analogue signal pre-processing was done on simple amplifier circuit designated for ECG signal measurement. The circuit with ECG amplifier is fully described in [6].File Size: KB. Modulation Filtering for Noise Detection in Heart Sound Signals J. P. Ramos and P. Carvalho and R. P. Paiva and J. Henriques Abstract—Cardiac auscultation has proven to be an excellent diagnostic tool. Heart sound processing algorithms are not completely robust in the presence of noise, requiring cleanFile Size: KB.


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Signal processing of the first heart sound for cardiac performance monitoring by Lang, Peter. Download PDF EPUB FB2

His paper present several signal processing tools for the analysis of heart sounds. Cardiac auscultation is noninvasive, low-cost and accurate to diagnose some heart diseases. Cardiac auscultation is, together with the electrocardiogram, the first basic analysis tool used to evaluate the functional state of the heart, as well as the first indicator used to submit the.

analysis of the heart sounds. Heart sound analysis consists of three main tasks: i) identification of non-cardiac sounds which are unavoidably mixed with the heart sound during auscultation; ii) segmentation of the heart sound in order to localize the main sound component; and finally, iii) classification of the abnormal heartFile Size: 3MB.

It has been shown that continuous monitoring of certain physiological parameters, such as heart rate (HR), blood pressure, cardiac output, pulse Author: Piyush Sharma, Syed Anas Imtiaz, Esther Rodriguez-Villegas. Acousticcardiogram: Monitoring Heartbeats using Acoustic Signals on Smart Devices these indicators, monitoring of cardiac rhythm, an even critical BR=18Hz HR=74Hz Breath Heartbeat Chest Motion Body Vibration the heart signal from out-of-band noises and breath Size: KB.

HEART SOUND SEGMENTATION USING SIGNAL PROCESSING METHODS Devrim S¸ahin M.S. in Computer Engineering Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Hakan Ferhatosmanog˘lu July, Heart murmurs are pathological heart sounds that originate from blood flow-ing with abnormal turbulence due to physiological defects of the heart, and areFile Size: 3MB.

A normal heart sound signal is shown in Fig. 1, with the two major components, S 1 and S 2, extracted and shown on expanded time axes at the bottom of the start of a heart cycle, systole, corresponds to the QRS complex on the ECG.

S 1 occurs at the end of the isometric contraction period during systole, and S 2 occurs after the isovolumetric relaxation period during by:   Heart auscultation (the interpretation by a physician of heart sounds) is a fundamental activity of cardiac diagnosis.

It is, however, a difficult skill to acquire. So it would be convenient to diagnosis the failure using some monitoring by: 3.

An electronic stethoscope (Meditron ASA, Norway) was used to acquire the heart sounds, and a standard three-lead ECG (Analyzer ECG, Meditron ASA, Norway) was recorded in parallel as a time reference. Both signals were digitized at kHz with 16 bits per sample using a sound card (Analyzer, Meditron AS, Norway).Cited by: 2.

projection of the true 3D cardiac electrical vector of the heart onto the axis of the electrodes. Such a signal may be sufficient for rhythm monitoring, but could be inadequate for more specific analysis of the cardiac system such as atrial electrical activity.

Accessing the atrial electrical activity at theFile Size: 87KB. Abstract: Heart sounds based measurements such as S3 amplitude and systolic timing intervals (STIs) are known to be indicative of cardiac dysfunction. In this paper we investigate the correlation of these measurements from pacemaker device implant locations to echocardiographic hemodynamic metrics of E wave deceleration time (EDT), Ejection Fraction (EF) and Stroke Volume (SV).

Phonocardiography is a widely used method of listening to the heart sounds and indicating the presence of cardiac abnormalities.

Each heart cycle consists of two major sounds – S1 and S2 – that can be used to determine the heart conventional method of acoustic signal acquisition involves placing the sound sensor at the chest where this sound is most by: The physical meaning of indicates that if the signal has any cyclic component at cycle frequency.

In the point of view of fPCG signal, must have a peak at heart rate because the heart sounds are dominant cyclic components at the heart rate in adjacent fetal cardiac by: 9. eral and could be applied to a broad range of signal-processing problems.

The structure of heart sounds Heart sounds are complex and highly nonstationary signals. The ‘‘beats’’ associ-ated with these sounds are reflected in the signal by periods of relatively high activity, alternating with comparatively long intervals of low activity. Abstract: Aimed to enhance the efficiency of heart sound signal energy detection, a kind of heart sound signal energy detection system based on LabVIEW is developed in this paper.

The system makes use of saddlebag of signal processing and analysis tool of LabVIEW to detect and analyze energy of the heart sound signal. the FCM clustering decides whether a heart sound signal is abnormal or normal. After the normal heart sounds are separated with high accuracy, the remaining signals are fed into the ANN classifier which discriminates CAD from MVP.

Results This section discusses the overall performance of theAuthor: Shadi Ghiasi, Mostafa Abdollahpur, Nasimalsadat Madani, Ali Ghaffari. The future of quick and efficient disease diagnosis lays in the development of reliable non-invasive methods.

As for the cardiac diseases – one of the major causes of death around the globe – a concept of an electronic stethoscope equipped with an automatic heart tone identification system appears to be the best solution.

Thanks to the advancement in technology, the quality of Cited by:   Therefore, the automatic heart sound analysis using advanced signal processing techniques based on digital acquisition of these sounds can play an important role. The heart sounds can be captured and processed in the form of cardiac sound signals by placing an electronic stethoscope at the appropriate location on the subject’s by: 5.

The heart sound can be measured by phonocardiography. In addition, the analog or digital stethoscope can be used for listening the heart sound signal.

Stethoscope is a simple instrument to convey the heart sounds from the chest to the ear of examiner. A healthy heart has two clear sounds called first sound (S1) and the second sound (S2).Cited by:   The main anatomic areas to focus on while initially evaluating heart sounds include the cardiac apex, the aortic area (second intercostal space [ICS] just to the right of the sternum or the third ICS just to the left of sternum), the pulmonary area (second ICS just to the left of sternum) and the tricuspid area (fourth and fifth ICS just to the left of sternum).

[]. Heart signals represent an important way to evaluate cardiovascular function and often what is desired is to quantify the level of some signal of interest against the louder backdrop of the beating of the heart itself.

An example of this type of application is the quantification of cavitation in mechanical heart valve patients. An algorithm is presented for the quantification of high-frequency Cited by:   Jiang Z and Choi S A cardiac sound characteristic waveform method for in-home heart disorder monitoring with electric stethoscope Expert Syst.

Appl. 31 –98 Crossref Google Scholar Kumar D, Carvalho P, Antunes M and Henriques J Detection of S1 and S2 heart sounds by high frequency signatures Annual Int.

Conf. of the IEEE Cited by: Signal Processing Methods For Heart Rate Variability Analysis Gari D. Clifford St Cross College Doctor of Philosophy Michaelmas term Heart rate variability (HRV), the changes in the beat-to-beat heart rate calculated from the electrocar-diogram (ECG), is a key indicator of an individual’s cardiovascular condition.

Assessment of HRV has.